Welcome to Reading Resource 

Reading research has identified five essential components of effective reading instruction. In order for children to learn to read well, explicit and systematic instruction must be provided in Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, Fluency, Vocabulary, and Comprehension.

Phonemic Awareness is the ability to hear, identify and manipulate the individual sound in spoke words. Phonemic Awareness is the understanding that the sounds of spoken language work together to make words. 

Phonics is the relationship between phonemes (sounds) and graphemes (letters). Readers use these relationships to recognize familiar words accurately and automatically, decoding unfamiliar words. 

Vocabulary is the ability to hear, read, understand and use vocabulary words in various contexts to build comprehension levels. Vocabulary is stored information about the meaning and pronunciation of word necessary for reading and communicating. 

Fluency is the ability to read text accurately and automatically with expression. It provides a bridge between vocabulary and comprehension. Fluent readers must recognize words and comprehend at the same time. 

Comprehension includes understanding, remembering and communicating about what has been read.